Peripheral Neuropathy is a disorder of the nervous System. It can be diagnosed by your doctor, or by a Neurologist, who will examine you for signs of numbness, impaired reflexes and muscles weakness. Blood and Urine tests are done also to check for Vitamin or Metabolic Deficiencies, as well as Diabetes. When the nervous system malfunction, it can cause moderate to severe pain, to your arm, hands, feet, leg, internal organs, mouth and face.
According to health line newsletter, there are 3 types of Peripheral Neuropathy:
- Sensory Nerve
- Motor Nerves
- Autonomic Nerves
It is important to note, that it can affect one or all three of the nerves. According to Web MD studies have shown that Sixty percent of people have some form of Nerve Damage. When the disease becomes chronic, it can include kidney disorder, deficiency in Vitamin E, B1, B6 and B12, Diabetes and Hypothyroidism.
A variety of factors can cause this disease and damage to the nerve. Diabetes, which is one of the most common forms of Neuropathy, people who are overweight, and over the age of forty, with high blood pressure are susceptible to the disease. Another common factor is physical trauma, for example, car accidents, inactivity, holding one position too long, increased pressure on the nerve in the wrist, causes Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. One way to prevent long term peripheral neuropathy would be abstaining from excessive alcohol consumption and toxins, like glue, solvent, or insecticides, which when inhaled can cause nerve damage. Exposure to heavy metals like lead and mercury, can also cause this condition. Infections and Autoimmune disorders like herpes simplex, shingles, can cause shooting pain. Bacterial Infection, Lyme disease can cause nerve damage, if not treated. Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus can all lead to severe pressure pain in the extremities.
TREATMENTS FOR PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY :
Doctors can treat the underlying disorder in a variety of ways, for instance if Diabetes is the cause, they can attempt to control or monitor the patient’s intake of blood sugar levels. Several treatments can apply, certainly one of the most common and popular are over the counter, oral pain meds, like Tylenol, Aspirin, Ibuprofen, which can be helpful in controlling moderate pain, but have a tendency for overuse and does not help the underlying symptoms of neuropathy. Many patients with peripheral neuropathy, do find relief in Chiropractor, Acupuncture, Massage and Yoga. Prescription Meds like Tramadol, Cortisone Injections, Anti-depressants, Sexual Dysfunction Med, like Viagra, Cialis can be used to control symptoms. Physicians however are turning to other alternatives to treat the actual condition of neuropathy, that is lack of circulation and blood flow. Electric Stimulation like Tens, is now more commonly used as a deterrent and as a symptom reliever for neuropathy, it is also growing in popularity as it is a recommended alternative to opioids and other oral medications that can cause addictions over time. If there is a vitamin deficiency, it can be reverse with improved diet and vitamin therapies. Patient may need Physical therapy to help regain strength and to avoid spasm and muscle cramping. Moderate to regular exercise is recommended to help alleviate discomfort, Avoid heavy usage of Alcohol and Tobacco. Take precautions when you are at home, install hand rail in shower/ tub, have bath mat placed on floor. It is important for those who have sedentary jobs, to move around each hour and not stay in the same position for an extended amount of time. All these precautions will help patient who are diagnosed with Peripheral Neuropathy. If the disease is diagnosed early, and early treatments are implemented, it won’t eliminate the condition or more accurately the symptoms completely, but will stop further progression.